According to the United States Food and Drugs Administration, spring water should be bottled directly at the source without any intervention (such as water treatment or additives). Such water is naturally filtered through underground rock formations and is saturated with healthy minerals during its subterranean journey.
Depending on the geology around a particular spring, the mineral makeup and intensity of spring water vary. Still, most spring water brands on the market boast a healthy level of essential minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium) and a satisfying taste.
Here at WaterDefense, we consider spring water the best drinking water. But there are many bottled spring water brands on the market, so you might not know which one to pick.
That’s why we put together this list detailing the mineral makeup, pH levels, and sources of the best bottled spring water brands out there. Keep reading to find which spring water brand is the right fit for you.
1. Mountain Valley Spring Water
Since 1871, Mountain Valley Spring Water has been one of the most popular bottled water brands in the United States. It’s popular not only because the brand is a domestic business but also because it has a balanced pH of 7.3 to 7.7, excellent mineral content, and great taste.
The water comes from a valley in the Ouachita Mountains (hence the name) within the borders of Arkansas. The granite-based aquifers naturally eliminate potential impurities from the water since granite has excellent absorption and adsorption qualities.
In addition to natural filtration, the granite provides the water with lots of minerals. As such, the Mountain Valley Spring Water approximates mineral water in total dissolved solids (TDS) with 220 mg/L. Just for reference, mineral water is spring water with TDS levels above 250 mg/L.
Calcium is the most present mineral in Mountain Valley, with 67 mg/L.
Mountain Valley is completely sodium-free, which is fantastic since sodium is harmful in large quantities and for people suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
Due to its rich mineral makeup, Mountain Valley has a slightly bitter and crisp taste. Although it won’t be everyone’s cup of tea, many consumers find it appealing.
2. FIJI Water
Fiji is one of the best-selling brands, owing its popularity to celebrity and influencer campaigns. However, attributing its status only to these campaigns would be unfair since it’s one of the best-tasting waters on the market and has a balanced mineral content.
The Fiji water comes from the volcanic craters of Viti Levu on Fiji’s largest island. These craters are hundreds of miles from the nearest human settlements and industrial centers, so the water is well protected from external contamination.
In addition, the water passes through volcanic aquifers that rids it of potential contaminants during its century-long journey. It’s also endowed with many naturally occurring minerals in these aquifers. Ultimately, it spurts out of the earth with 222 mg/L of total dissolved solids.
Similar to all spring water, Fiji’s water has calcium and magnesium, but these minerals are at 17.9 and 14.7 mg/L, respectively, so the water isn’t as bitter as Mountain Valley. On the contrary, it’s one of the most silica-rich water brands in the niche at 93.4 mg/L, which gives it an enjoyable taste, smooth texture, and light mouthfeel.
In addition to everything else, it’s naturally alkaline, with a pH value of 7.7.
3. Waiākea Hawaiian Volcanic Water
Waiākea Hawaiian Volcanic Water is similar to Fiji in many senses. It journeys through volcanic rock formations before its bottling, is rich in silica, has an alkaline pH value, and is sourced on an island.
As the product name suggests, the water comes from Hawaii. More precisely, it originates from a deep well in Mauna Loa volcano’s close vicinity on Big Island. Since the volcano is still active, the Waiākea well is far from human populations and industrial centers.
Waiākea’s water is essentially rainwater, but volcanic craters absorb any potential contaminants found in rainwater before it reaches the Waiākea well and is collected there. So, the brand can bottle its water at the source without any treatment.
However, Waiākea isn’t as rich in minerals as Fiji. It only has 82 mg/L of TDS. Its mineral content is also on the low end, with levels of essential minerals ranging between 4 and 7 mg/L.
The only exception to these is silica. Waiākea has 44 mg/L of silica, which gives it a smooth, sweet taste and mouthfeel.
The water has a slightly alkaline pH value between 7.6 and 8.2.
As the cherry on top, the brand practices sustainability, local philanthropy, and source protection and prioritizes eco-friendliness. To that end, it distributes its water only in recycled aluminum cans, Oceanplast bottles (the brand’s recycled PET bottling), and reusable bags placed in a box.
4. Acqua Panna
Acqua Panna, a premium bottled water brand from Italy, is among the most revered and commonly distributed brands globally. It’s also the preferred option of many high-end cafés and restaurants thanks to its velvety texture and soft mouthfeel.
The water originates from a spring located in the hills of Tuscany. Since its discovery in 1594, the spring has been well-protected from human, animal, and, later, industrial contamination.
Additionally, the water from the spring flows through underground rock formations for fourteen years until it reaches the spring. During this journey, it sheds whatever impurities it might have and picks up minerals from the surrounding rocks.
When it finally spurts from the ground, it has a rich mineral content with 188 mg/L of TDS and high alkalinity with a pH of 8.8. As the minerals that give water bitterness have a low presence (calcium is at 31.5 mg/L and magnesium is at 6.5 mg/L), the water has a pleasant savor.
As a premium water brand, it’s natural that Acqua Panna comes in glass bottles. However, lately, the brand has also started distributing the water in more budget-friendly PET bottles.
5. Icelandic Glacial Water
You may have realized that spring water typically originates from the most beautiful places on Earth, like Tuscany, Big Island, or Fiji. Now, our spring tour takes us to Iceland’s majestic glaciers, where the Icelandic Glacial Water is sourced.
Ölfus Springs, the source of Icelandic Glacial, is located inside a lava rock formation. The snowmelt journeys underground for thousands of years until it reaches the springs.
Thanks to the natural filtration properties of these underground rocks, the water has no impurities when collected. But surprisingly, it doesn’t have much mineral content either, with only 62 mg/L of TDS.
The minerals present in Icelandic Glacial Water range between 0 mg/L and 11 mg/L, meaning it has a balanced makeup. To see the full list, you can check out the brand’s water quality report.
Despite its low minerality, the water is alkaline. Its pH value is 8.4.
Lastly, if you care about the aesthetics of the water bottle, this brand is the right fit for you. Icelandic Glacial Water’s unique bottle designs have won many awards since its conception.
The New Zealandian brand Antipodes is an excellent alternative to Fiji thanks to its smooth taste and texture, inherently neutral pH value of 7, and stylish glass bottles.
Antipodes bottles water that voyages through ignimbrites (cooled volcanic rocks) for 50 to 300 years. In the end, the water accumulates in a deep well that sits 327 meters below the surface.
The brand collects the water through an artesian borehole and bottles it without intervention because ignimbrites naturally filter impurities. These rock formations are also rich in silica, providing water with 76 mg/L of it. It gives Antipodes water a pleasant taste, texture, and mouthfeel.
Except for silica, the mineral content in Antipodes is minimal. It only has 3.5 mg/L of potassium, 3 mg/L of calcium, and no magnesium. Although this may be a problem if you’re looking to get some essential minerals in your body, it’s also why Antipodes is known as one of the best-tasting spring water brands on the market.
7. Summit Spring
Summit Spring, hailing from the peak point of Cumberland County, Maine, has a long history dating back even further than Mountain Valley to the beginning of the nineteenth century. Back then, locals believed that the water from this spring could cure a number of health conditions like arthritis, kidney issues, and even anxiety, and they started to bottle it.
Although its effect on these ailments requires more scientific research, it doesn’t change the fact that Summit Spring is one of the best spring water brands to originate from the United States.
Before reaching the spring, the water passes through thousands of feet of gravel and sand that naturally filter it. Yet, these geological formations don’t give it too many minerals as it only has 59 mg/L of TDS. Its mineral levels vary between 1 mg/L and 7 mg/L, meaning it has a soft texture (see the water quality report).
Yet, it’s naturally acidic, with a pH of 6.1. As such, it’s one of the most acidic spring water brands on the market.
Crag, established only in 2018, is just a baby compared to other high-end bottled water brands. Yet, it has already received taste awards and is considered one of the best spring water brands in the world.
The company’s newness is due to the late discovery of its spring. The brand’s founder discovered the source during an annual water inspection at Wildboarclough in the UK.
Yet, the water has been there since the Carboniferous Period (359.2 to 299 million years ago), naturally filtered by sandstones and mudstones and endowed with a medium mineral content of 120 mg/L of TDS. Calcium has the biggest mineral presence, with 31 mg/L.
Despite its rich mineral profile, the water has a silky quality and creamy mouthfeel. It also has a neutral pH value of 7.2.
Finally, this eco-conscious brand distributes its water in only glass bottles that it later refills.
If you’re looking for extremely low-TDS spring water, Veen, sourced in the Arctic wilderness of northern Finland (also known as laplands), might be the best way to quench your thirst.
Veen is among the purest bottled spring water brands on the market, and similar to Crag, it’s been awarded by the Fine Water Society for its taste.
The Konisaajo spring area where Veen comes from is unpopulated and unpolluted. Additionally, the sands and rocks the water passes through during its underground voyage naturally filter it.
These geological formations are low on minerals (when compared to others on our list), as the end product only has 17.22 mg/L of total dissolved solids. The only mineral standing out in Veen’s makeup is silica at 11 mg/L. As a result, the water has a pleasant taste.
On a side note, Veen distributes its water in classy glass bottles and has won awards for its designs.
Are you looking for the ultimate luxury in bottled spring water? d’ORO is the most luxurious water on Earth. Its source, located in the Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania, is considered a national pride among Romanians.
d’ORO contains 0,004 mg/L of gold and 0.034 mg/L of silver. Needless to say, both are at perfectly safe levels for human consumption.
In addition to these precious elements, d’ORO is a high-mineral spring water brand with a TDS level of 196 mg/L. In addition, it contains 32 mg/L of calcium, 11 mg/L of magnesium, and 1 mg/L of potassium.
It’s also naturally alkaline, with a pH value of 8.1.